Fabric of Britain - Netflix
Mon 24 June 2019
Series of three documentaries exploring Britain's relationship with fabric, featuring knitting, needlework and wallpaper.
Runtime: 60 minutes
Fabric of Britain - Fabric softener - Netflix
A fabric softener (or conditioner) is a conditioner that is typically applied to laundry during the rinse cycle in a washing machine. In contrast to laundry detergents, fabric softeners may be regarded as a kind of aftertreatment laundry aid.
Fabric of Britain - Mechanism of action - Netflix
Machine washing puts great mechanical stress on textiles, in particular to natural fibers such as cotton and wool. The fibers at the fabric surface are squashed and frayed, and this condition hardens while drying the laundry in air, giving the laundry a harsh feel. Adding a liquid fabric softener to the final rinse (rinse-cycle softener) results in laundry that feels softer. In the USA and UK laundry is mostly dried in mechanical dryers, and the tumbling of the laundry in the dryer has its own softening effect. Therefore, fabric softeners in the USA/UK are used rather to impart antistatic properties and a pleasant odor to the laundry. Fabric softeners are usually either in the form of a liquid, which is added to the washing machine during the rinse cycle; or as a sheet impregnated with a fabric softener which is added to the moist laundry at the beginning of the dryer cycle. Liquid fabric softeners can be added manually during the rinse cycle or automatically if the machine has a dispenser designed for this purpose. Washing machines in the USA sometimes lack these dispensers. Fabric softeners coat the surface of a fabric with chemical compounds that are electrically charged, causing threads to “stand up” from the surface so the fabric feels softer and makes it fluffier. Cationic softeners bind by electrostatic attraction to the negatively charged groups on the surface of the fibers and neutralize their charge. The long aliphatic chains then line up towards the outside of the fiber, imparting lubricity. Fabric softeners impart antistatic properties on fabrics, and thus prevent the build-up of electrostatic charges on synthetic fibers, which in turn eliminates fabric cling during handling and wearing, crackling noises, and dust attraction. Also, fabric softeners make fabrics easier to iron and help reduce wrinkles in garments. In addition, they reduce drying times so that energy is saved when softened laundry is tumble-dried. Last but not least, they can also impart a pleasant fragrance to the laundry.
Fabric of Britain - References - Netflix